Wednesday, December 7, 2016

Government Spying

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Once the purview of science fiction films like “Minority Report” where cop on the run Tom Cruise had to duck eye scans virtually everywhere to escape detection in retail stores, office buildings and mass transit systems, state-of-the-art science is closing in on Iris Scanner technology that can identify people from up to 40 feet away.

So say researchers at Carnegie Mellon University’s CyLab Biometrics Center have been testing and perfecting an iris recognition system effective up to 40 feet away. The field of study is known as “Unconstrained Long Range Iris Recognition” and the technology that makes it possible relies on eye characteristics as unique to an individual as fingerprints are now.

One application could be the use of Iris Recognition at traffic stops where police can pull you over and identify you if you make the mistake of looking at the police cruiser in your rear or side view mirrors. The technology captures an image from a live photographic or video feed and runs it through a database to find a potential match.

Moreover, you will not know you are being scanned because high-resolution cameras that capture images of the iris from a distance use light in the near-infrared wavelength band – beyond the visual range of the human eye.

But will people be willing to allow their eyes to be scanned by Big Brother?

They will if they want a driver’s license or passport… or want to travel by air, rail or boat… or open a checking account – and government could mandate a child’s iris scan at birth.

People already give up biometric information voluntarily including photos and fingerprints on documents and privacy experts believe governments could make everyday life impossible for people unwilling to comply. And if you have a run in with the law, iris scans can be added to the booking process along just as mug shots, fingerprints and DNA profiles are collected now.

There is no reason to worry just yet. Even the best systems are not ready for primetime and are years away from affordability, wide distribution or use by trained operators.

Scanners require a stationary subject with a straight on point of view. Current scanner accuracy is also easily impaired by glasses or contact lenses – and is useless with subjects wearing sunglasses.

Still, it is important to keep an eye on technology that further intrudes on privacy – sometimes without the informed consent of individuals – and strict controls need to be established and enforced on how images are taken, stored and purged.

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street-lights-have-eyes

Government just found a new way to spy on you: through new data-collecting “intelligent” streetlights.

Jacksonville, FL, recently announced it plans to install 50 new streetlights downtown under a new General Electric pilot program.

According to GE, the streetlights will be “interconnected with one another and will collect real-time data.”

“GE’s intelligent LEDs are a gateway to city-changing technology, with sensors, controls, wireless transmitters and microprocessors built within the LED system.”

Sound creepy? It gets worse.

Once the streetlights have collected all your data, GE’s “Predix software” will analyze the data in real-time, providing the city with an array of information.

According to GE, “Predix… collects and analyzes data from these components, delivering optimized tools that respond to city challenges.” But GE will ultimately own the data–collected from America’s neighborhood streets.

GE touts benefits–like giving drivers “real time information on locations of available parking spaces,” but glosses over more troubling details–like the streetlights’ surveillance capabilities.

Similar projects, like one tested in Las Vegas in 2013, include audio and video recording applications–including so-called “Homeland Security” features.

At the time, the streetlights manufacturer advertised its voice analysts would “assist DHS in protecting its citizens and natural resources.”

No word on who will protect citizens from shady government spying–but unfortunately, this program will continue to grow: San Diego, California, will soon become part of GE’s streetlight program too.

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